The Old Testament book of Psalms constituted the hymnal of the Jewish nation, containing a collection of 150 songs, laments, and praises by various authors. Since the Old Testament canon was very likely completed no later than 400 B.C. (Leupold, 1969, p. 8; cf. Archer, 1974, p. 440), and since the Septuagint is known to have been produced circa 250 B.C., the pronouncements in the Psalms predated the arrival of Jesus on the planet by centuries. Yet, within the sacred pages of the Psalms, scores of very detailed allusions pinpoint specific incidents that occurred in the life of Christ on Earth. These allusions constitute proof positive of the inspiration of the Bible.
For example, composed by David in the 10th century B.C. (Barnes, 1847, pp. 193ff.), Psalm 22 is unquestionably a messianic psalm—literally packed with minute details that forecast the death of the Messiah. In verse 18, the psalmist quotes Him as making the simple statement: “They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.” All four of the inspired New Testament evangelists of the first century A.D. allude to these incidental details that they report in connection with Jesus hanging on the cross (Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23-24).
While commentators typically report that Roman law awarded the victim’s clothes as spoils for the Roman executioners (e.g., Erdman, 1922, p.161; McGarvey, n.d., p. 725), others question the historicity of such a claim (e.g., Edersheim, 1915, 2:591-592). In any case, the soldiers that attended the cross consisted of a quaternion—four soldiers (Davis, 1870, 3:2651). Matthew and Luke state very simply that these soldiers divided His clothes and cast lots for them, with Luke adding “to determine what every man should take.” These “garments” (merei) likely included a head-dress, sandals, girdle, and outer garment (Robertson, 1916, p. 147). Apparently, according to John 19:23, the soldiers were able to decide ownership of these four clothing articles without gambling. If they were able to agree on consignment of the four articles—one clothes item for each soldier—why did they also cast lots? It is John who provides the added clarification:
Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece. They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things (John 19:23-24).
Is it true they just didn’t evolve to their (new) environment?
I appreciate this question. It shows that some are thinking and trying to struggle with the facts that surround our world. We talked a little about the dinosaurs in the last question and answer session. These animals did exist. There is abundant evidence that man walked around on the earth with these creatures. The Bible even contains some information about them and we looked at this evidence in the book of Job last time. However, we did not deal with the question of what happened to the dinosaurs.
The truth is that we really don’t know what happened to the dinosaurs. We know they lived on the earth at one time, but that they stopped living on the earth at a certain period of time. We really do not have to answer this question as Christians because it does not affect our Christianity. However it happened, it happened within the context of the history of the Bible and there have been some people who have advanced some theories as to how they died out.
One of those theories is that the global flood produced a climate change on the earth in which the dinosaurs could no longer survive. However, the book of Job was written after the flood and some dinosaurs still existed at that time. So, it could not have been something that happened in a short period of time.
Another theory is that dinosaurs are just reptiles that lived several hundred years just as man lived hundreds of years. This theory states that unlike people, reptiles never stop growing. That is, they continue to grow as long as they are alive. Living several hundred years would produce very large reptiles. However, when man’s life span was shortened, the life span of animals was shortened as well and so reptiles just do not grow as big as they used to grow.
Job 38:28-30 “Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew? Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it? The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.” What does your grocery cart look like? I would suppose that something in your grocery cart contains vitamins and minerals. From breakfast cereal to vegetables to the meat we put on our table, each of these food items contains some. We often supplement these naturally occurring elements with a tablet or liquid form. Life requires a certain amount of vitamins and minerals, at minimum, to survive, and at best, to thrive. But have you ever considered from where these vitamins and minerals come?
Most probably get their vitamins and minerals from H.E.B., Wal-Mart, or some nutrition store. They arrive there by truck via a manufacturer. Where does the manufacturer get these items? Minerals come from the earth. Vitamins are extracted from living things that absorb and compound minerals with organic material. But how do minerals get transported, naturally, to the living things that need them?
The transport system for minerals is water. Life requires minerals, but if there were no water on the planet, life would have no mechanism by which to obtain and process those minerals. Water is needed to erode minerals out of the earth and transport them to the areas where living things can take advantage of them. Water is also needed within those living things as a solution by which the minerals may be assimilated.
That water, however, cannot be in just any form. Planets where water exists in only one state cannot provide an environment conducive to the sustenance of life. Water needs to be able to flow, float, and fly for life to exist. It just so happens (as by design) that the temperature of the earth is perfectly suited for water to be found in all three states: solid, liquid, and gas.
Ecclesiastes 1:7 “All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.”
Each of these states is helpful to life in providing the necessary transportation of minerals. In its liquid state, water flows, bringing minerals from the mountains to the valleys and oceans where life lives. In its solid state, water floats on the top of rivers, lakes, and the ocean giving space for the living things underneath to survive instead of crushing them with its weight. In its vaporous form, water flies across the skies moving from the oceans back to the land and restarting the cycle all over again.
When we look at our artificial transportation systems that run from the manufacturers to the distributors and from the distributors to the retailers, we wouldn’t even begin to suggest that such a system was not designed. Yet how is it that evolutionists can look at water, the greatest transport system the Universe has to offer, and suggest that it is not part of a grand design? The evidence is simply too great. Of all the elements, only water fits the bill; no other element can take its place and its unique existence in three forms at just the right temperature on earth defies the odds of its presence simply by chance.
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